The Hypothalamus in your brain sends stress hormones throughout your body when you’re in a fight or flight situation. These hormones increase your heartbeat, quicken your breathing, and alert your muscles and body. These hormones are very helpful in situations where you need to think and act quickly, but when these hormones keep getting triggered on a regular basis, they can have adverse effects on your physical and mental health.
In the short-term stress can be good for your mind and body, and can help you deal with a variety of stressful situations, but when it becomes something regularly, it starts taking a toll on your body and causes various health issues like anxiety, depression, irritability, headaches, insomnia, etc.
Effects Of Stress On Various Parts Of The Body
Brain And Nervous System: Your brain and nervous system send stress hormones during stressful situations that help you overcome the situation, and these hormones stop flowing once the situation has been resolved. But when the central nervous system fails to do so, your body and mind are under constant stress which can lead to chronic depression and anxiety.
Cardiovascular And Respiratory System: Stress hormones make your breathing and heartbeat faster, making it easy for blood and fresh oxygen to flow through your body, when you have underlying heart and lung-related issues such as asthma or high blood pressure, this can lead to chronic asthma and heart attacks.
Digestive System: Stress hormones make the liver produce extra glucose or blood-sugar to give you a jolt of energy, when you’re under constant chronic stress, it may not be possible for your body to handle the constant surge of glucose in the body, which can lead to the risk of developing type-2 diabetes.
The constant flow of stress hormones, elevated heart rate, and breathing can also upset your digestive tract and cause problems like acidity and heart-burn.